Testing Services for Ceramic Tile, Glass Tile, Natural Stone, Terrazzo, Brick

Modulus of Rupture
Modulus of Rupture

CTaSC specializes in:

  • Ceramic Tile Testing (porcelain tile is a type of ceramic tile)
  • Natural Stone Testing
  • Glass Tile Testing
  • Terrazzo Testing
  • Brick Testing
  • Installation Products Testing
  • Forensic Testing

Project Site Testing

Pneumatic Tensile Pull Test
Pneumatic Tensile Pull Test

CTaSC performs project site testing to include ceramic tile testing, glass tile testing,
limestone testing, granite testing, marble testing, travertine testing, sandstone testing, slate testing, and other natural stone assembly testing.

CTaSC specifies, manages, performs, and evaluates ANSI standards and ASTM physical property laboratory testing on ceramic tile, natural stone, granite, marble, slate, sandstone, limestone, travertine, glass tile, installation materials, and to substantiate or further determine the cause of failures in forensic investigations.

CTaSC Expertise

CTaSC is a ceramic tile expert, a natural stone expert (marble expert, granite expert, sandstone expert, limestone expert, travertine expert, slate expert), an engineer stone expert, a glass tile expert, a brick expert, and a concrete paver expert for all types of ceramic tile applications, stone applications, glass tile applications, and other types of tile applications. CTaSC particularly specializes in high risk applications such as bathroom shower installations, exterior veneer installations, exterior decks/balconies, and in swimming pool installations.

Quality Control Services

CTaSC tests and evaluates ceramic tile, natural stone, granite, marble, slate, sandstone, limestone, travertine, glass tile, and installation materials for their suitability for their intended use as part of developing installation guidelines and specifications for projects.

Product or System Evaluation Services

Limestone tile core
Limestone tile core

CTaSC develops and manages studies to test and evaluate the performance of ceramic tile, glass tile, stone products or systems, granite, marble, slate, sandstone, limestone, travertine, glass tile, and installation materials. Accelerated aging tests can be developed with control and periodic physical property testing to determine the long term performance of tile and stone products and systems.

Forensic Investigation Testing

CTaSC takes a scientific approach to investigations of ceramic tile, natural stone, granite, marble, slate, sandstone, limestone, travertine, glass tile, and installation materials failures. Complete testing services are available to substantiate the mechanism of failures and to help further determine the nature and cause of a ceramic tile or stone failure.

Testing includes site testing of tile assemblies, laboratory petrographic analysis, chemical analysis, development of performance models, replication mock-up testing, microbial (mold) testing, and other experimental testing.

Natural Stone Testing

Electronic Tensile Pull Test
Electronic Tensile Pull Test

 

CTaSC performs testing on natural stone to determine its physical properties as compared to its respective ASTM minimum/maximum requirements. CTaSC performs limestone testing, granite testing, marble testing, travertine testing, sandstone testing, slate testing, onyx testing, and other natural stone assembly testing. Testing is provided for adhered applications as well as mechanical anchor attachment applications.

 

 

 

 

Some of the common tests include:

  • ASTM Physical Properties Testing (Basic Five Tests) – ASTM C503 Marble; ASTM C569 Limestone; ASTM C615 Granite; ASTM C616 Quartz-Based (sandstone; quartzite); ASTM C629 Slate; ASTM C1527 Travertine
  • Petrographic Evaluation per ASTM C295, Standard Guide for Petrographic Examination of Aggregates for Concrete (modified for stone)
  • Natural Stone Moisture Sensitive Dimension Stability Testing
  • Accelerated Weathering Testing
  • Mechanical Anchor ASTM C1354 testing
  • Slip Resistance Testing

Ceramic Tile Testing

CTaSC performs testing on ceramic tile to determine its physical properties as compared to its respective ASTM minimum/maximum requirements. Testing is provided for adhered applications. Some of the common tests include:

  • ASTM Physical Properties and Characteristics according to ANSI A137.1 standards:
    • Absorption Test ASTM 373
      Flexural Strength Test
      Flexural Strength Test
    • Bond Strength Test ASTM C482
    • Warpage Test ASTM C485
    • Robinson Floor Performance Test ASTM C627
    • Freeze Thaw Test ASTM C1026
    • Static Coefficient of Friction Test ASTM C1028 – withdrawn but still used
    • Dynamic Coefficient of Friction Test DCOF AcuTest per ANSI A137.1-9.6 with BOT 3000
    • Chemical and Stain Resistance Testing
    • Other ceramic tile and glass ASTM standards as shown on ASTM Glass & Ceramics website: ASTM Glass & Ceramics Standards.

On-site Field Testing

Field Shear Bond Testing
Field Shear Bond Testing

 

CTaSC performs various types of on-site field testing during forensic investigations to help determine if a tile or stone is adequately installed in terms of determining if there is a problem, and whether the problem is an anomaly or if it is systemic.   This testing process helps determine the cause of the failure as well as how the problem can me best remediated.  On-site field testing is also performed as part of a quality assurance and quality control process on new installations to verify that the installation will perform as specified and expected, and to verify it meets code requirements.

 

Installation Material Testing

CTaSC performs testing on installation materials that are used to install ceramic tile, glass
tile, limestone, granite, marble, travertine, sandstone, slate, and other natural stone assembly testing. Testing is performed according to ANSI A118, A136.1, and ASTM C627 standards and test methods to determine if the respective products comply with those standards. Some of the common tests include:

  • Thin-Set Performance According to ANSI A118.1, A118.4, A118.11
  • Epoxy Performance According to ANSI A118.3 and A118.5
  • Grout Performance According to ANSI A118.6 and A118.7
  • Waterproof Membrane According to ANSI A118.10
  • Crack Isolation Membrane According to ANSI A118.12
  • Organic Adhesive (Mastic) According to ANSI A136.1

Testing costs and timing is quoted on a case by case basis.

Contact CTaSC for a cost proposal.

Tile Installation Testing Methods and Standards

CTaSC performs objective inspections and testing of ceramic tile, glass tile, limestone tile, marble tile, granite tile, slate tile, sandstone tile, travertine tile, and natural stone tile applications based on the TCNA (Tile Council of North America) Handbook for Ceramic, Glass, and Stone Tile Installation recommended installation methods and referenced standards, based on ANSI A108 American National Standard Specifications for the Installation of Ceramic Tile and Stone Tile, based on the MIA (Marble Institute of America) Dimension Stone Design Manual for stone slab and stone tile applications, and based on any other relevant standards.

The MIA Dimension Stone Design Manual references TCA Handbook for Ceramic Tile Installations to be used for stone tile applications. The TCNA Handbook for Ceramic, Glass, and Stone Tile Installation references its installation methods to natural stone tiles, including agglomerates, and glass tile applications.